The attached document presents the basic theory of time-based economies, as I hope to present at the conference, probably in the location called the, “Speakers Corner.” I will bring copies of the attached document as a handout. I also have much more written about time-based economies at: www.CultureMagic.org
This document is intended as material for debate in the Labor Stream. There are a couple different issues to be discussed with regard to viewing “time-based economies” as relevant and useful to the issue of labor/work as a form of commons.
- Is it correct to define the “labor commons” as being that all such commons labor is valued equally? The thought is that in the monetary economy labor is compensated differentially, which is to say, people get paid different amounts for different types of work, for example doctors versus janitors. In time-based economies, no one is “paid” for any kind of work/labor, and therefore all labor/work is valued equally.
- Is it correct to say that all work done in the “labor commons” is done without payment in the form of money? Or can some kinds of work in the “labor commons” receive monetary compensation?
- Are “labor” and “work” the same thing? Some people seem to want to have “labor” refer only to what is compensated with money, while “work” is not compensated for with money. Or that “labor” is outside the home or domestic sphere, while “work” is in the home or the domestic sphere. Generally, “labor” and “work” can be defined as the same thing, as synonyms. I think that if the two are intended to mean different things, a modifying word needs to be added. Such as “income work” or “income labor” and “domestic work” or “domestic labor.”
These three questions I ask in order to understand whether and how the theory I have developed for explaining labor/work in intentional communities fits into the Labor Stream.